Auxiliary Courses, Year 1 - Semester 2

Updated for 2021/2022: These units are not exclusive for students of the Cognitive Science program and may have limited capacity. For timetables not indicated below, please check courses web pages or inquire the corresponding department. The Auxiliary Course 2 must be completed with a curricular unit that is planned for 6 ECTS units (to take units with a superior number of units, please check viability first with students' office).

Introduction to Probabilities and Statistics
Faculty of Sciences

It is intended that the student acquires the fundamental concepts of Probabilities and Statistics, which are an indispensable tool for decision making in situations of uncertainty, present in many areas of Informatics. The student must demonstrate resolution capacity practical problems.

Coordinator: Fernando Sequeira (

Schedule: several slots, every day of the week.

Faculty of Sciences

The course aims to develop in the students the ability to 'think' in evolutionary terms, to understand the importance of evolution for society and scientific thought, how evolutionary hypotheses are formulated and tested, how the diversity of life is understood in the light of the analysis of evolutionary processes and patterns. To achieve these objectives, an integrated perspective of the mechanisms that generate variability, processes and adaptive responses of organisms will be presented, in the light of evolutionary theories and current studies, as well as different methods of reconstructing evolutionary history (phylogeny) and relevant evolutionary concepts. Being a basic course, students develop generic skills in various themes and fundamental concepts, which are demonstrated and discussed in the theoretical-practical component through group work, debates and simulation exercises.

Coordinator: Margarida Pacheco de Matos (

Schedule: consult the Department of Biology.

Topics of Memory
Faculty of Psychology

Representation and memory; episodic memory and recognition memory; semantic memory and knowledge structures; autobiographical memory; working memory; implicit processes; memory illusions; collaborative memory.

Coordinator: Mário Ferreira (

Schedule: Wednesday, 9h00-13h00, room 12.

Statistics Applied to Psychology
Faculty of Psychology

To know, conduct and interpret the statistical tests more commonly used in Psychology, notably parametric tests and their assumptions, using the SPSS or R softwares.

Coordinator: Ana Luísa Raposo (

Schedule: Theoretical class: Tuesday, 11h00-13h00, Anf. I; Practical classes (one cohort has to be opted for): Monday 9h00-11h00; Tuesday 13h00-15h00; Friday 9h00-11h00; Friday 11h00-13h00; room 8.

Situated Cognition
Faculty of Psychology

Situated Cognition assumes that cognition: 1) is functional; 2) is permeable to different situations and contexts; 3) is distributed across objects and persons; 4) draws on sensory and motor systems (i.e., is embodied). This course discusses each of these assumptions, the empirical evidence that supports them and the main theoretical models. The criticisms commonly made to situated cognition will also be discussed and addressed, as well as the contributions of situated cognition for the understanding of psychological processes.

Coordinator: Tomás Palma (

Schedule: Friday 9h00-13h00, room 2

Experimental Approaches to Child Language
Department of Linguistics

Experimental paradigms in language development research, with a major focus on early speech perception and comprehension. Non-nutritive sucking, preferential looking, head-turn preference procedure, habituation paradigms, pointing task. The use of eye-tracking, EEG-ERPs and brain imaging. How babies perceive sound patterns, recognise words, identify word categories and word meanings, and start producing speech. Beyond human babies: the biological foundations of language. Early predictors and measures of language development.

Coordinator: Sónia Frota (

Schedule: Tuesday and Thursday, 11h00-12h30.

Department of Linguistics

The following academic skills will be enhanced in the context of this curricular unit: (i) to understand how the sound structure of human languages is a multidimensional research object in the field of linguistics; (ii) to strengthen knowledge on the sound structure of languages previously acquired in other curricular units; (iii) to gather knowledge on the grammatical tools used for the description of the phonological properties of human languages; (iv) to study universal and idiosyncratic properties of the sound systems of the human languages; (v) to promote the analysis of phonological data from a comparative perspective; (vi) to describe segmental and syllabic aspects of the phonology of Portuguese; (vii) to practice the analysis of phonological sets of data.

Coordinator: Maria João Freitas (

Schedule: Tuesday and Thursday, 12h30-14h00.

Word Order and Meaning
Department of Linguistics

This UC develops contents and skills on Syntax and relates them with contents on the sentence informational and discourse structure. The syllabus focuses on different word order patterns in Portuguese sentences and their characterization and correlation with lexical, syntactic, semantic, and discursive features.

Coordinator: Gabriela Matos (

Schedule: Tuesday and Thursday, 9h30-11h00.

Department of Linguistics

This course provides an introduction to the study of meaning in natural languages, with an emphasis on Portuguese. Besides the introductory and general aspects of natural language semantics, the course syllabus focuses on some of the major semantic systems of Portuguese, as those centrally involved in nominal constructions (nominal reference, determination, quantification, modification), negation, tense and aspect (including Aktionsart, and temporal adjuncts).  Students are expected to identify the key components of meaning at the sentence level, to understand how compositionality works, when constituents are combined, and to develop the ability to analyse linguistic data and to describe relevant contrasts with adequate metalinguistic tools.

Coordinator: Telmo Móia (

Schedule: Tuesday and Thursday, 14h00-15h30.

Statistical Analysis of Linguistic Data
Departament of Linguistics

Data processing and statistical analysis in experimental linguistics and psycholinguistics. Foundations of descriptive and inferential statistics. Linear models: t-tests, simple regression, multiple regression. Assumptions of statistical models and their violations. Hypothesis tests. Estimation and uncertainty.

Coordinator: João Veríssimo (

Schedule: Tuesday and Thursday, 9h30-11h00.

Lexicology: Morphological Complexity and Lexical Processing
Departament of Linguistics

Complexity is an important criterion in the field of natural language processing research. The measure of complexity, regarding word processing, has been mostly used to deal with phonetic /phonological/prosodic aspects, or to frequency values found in corpora that necessarily show a bias of what the lexicon of a language can be.  This seminar will be dedicated to issues related to the morphological complexity. The assessment of morphological complexity normally opposes simplex structures (monomorphemic roots) to compositional derived or compound words (polymorphemic roots). However, simplex words are not evenly simple and complex words exhibit different degrees of complexity. This seminar will discuss the issues that should be considered by linguistic analysis to assess the complexity of words and we will try to validate this assessment based on experimental evidence.

Coordinator: Alina Villalva (

Schedule: Monday, 14h00-17h00.

Prosodic Structure and Meaning
Departament of Linguistics

Evidence for prosodic domains. Morphology-phonology and syntax-phonology interface. Methods and experiments in the analysis of prosodic phenomena. Portuguese prosodic structure and its role in the grammar of the language: the syllable, the prosodic word, the phonological phrase and the intonational phrase. Prosody and meaning: the role of suprasegmentals and/or prosodic organization in lexical contrasts, prosodic disambiguation, sentence types, and discourse functions. Prosody in speech planning and processing; implicit prosody.

Coordinator: Marina Vigário (

Schedule: Monday and Wednesday, 12h30-14h00.

Ethics (8 ECTS)
Department of Philosophy

Students should be able to: 1) Understand the nature and structure of philosophical ethics; 2) Understand and evaluate the main philosophical theories of intrinsic value; 3) Understand and evaluate the main philosophical theories of moral duty; 4) Understand the main metaethical debates.

Coordinator: Pedro Galvão (

Schedule: Wednesday and Friday, 12h30-14h00; Monday, 12h30-15h30; online/zoom.

Philosophy of Mind
Department of Philosophy

In this course we will study some of the central problems of philosophy of mind, including: the relationship between mind and body, the problem of mental representation, the nature of cognition, and the problem of consciousness.

Coordinator: David Yates (

Schedule: Monday, 17h00-20h00; Thursday, 17h00-18h30.

Philosophy of Language
Department of Philosophy

The students are expected to acquire the competences in the area of the Philosophy of Language, a discipline whose birth as such was at the beginning of the 20 th century. These competences involve grasping and mastering the concepts and fundamental problematics of the discipline.

Coordinator: Adriana Silva Graça (

Schedule: Tuesday and Thursday, 14h00-15h30; online/zoom.

Faculty of Medicine

Starting from the understanding of the fundamental processes of neuronal communication at the cellular and molecular level, the student should be able to identify the relevant targets and drugs 1) for the correction of dysfunctions in the functioning of the nervous system, 2) for the study of function and dysfunction neuronal, and 3) for a better understanding of the neurobiological bases of cognition. The students will be provided with solid knowledge on: 1) fundamentals of neuronal excitability; 2) main neurotransmitters and their receptors; 3) mechanisms of action of drugs that act on dysfunctions of the nervous system; 4) use of drugs as tools to understand the nervous system; 5) prospects for the development of new drugs for the study or control of nervous system disorders.

To know more about this curricular unit, please contact Professor Ana Sebastião (

Research and Clinical Assays in Neurosciences
Faculty of Medicine

Basics of clinical research in neurosciences; how to develop a population-based study; Case studies; Case-control studies; Cohort studies; how to develop, validate and apply questionnaires; diagnostic tests; drug development and pre-clinical development; clinical development of medicines; how to design a clinical trial; clinical results and biomarkers; safety of medicines and medical devices; therapeutic research with non-pharmacological therapeutic interventions; systematic reviews, meta-analyses and critical evaluation of clinical trial results; introduction to Pharmacoeconomics.

Schedule and other information: contact Instituto de Formação Avançada at FMUL ( or the teacher that coordinates the course, Professor Joaquim Ferreira (